Wednesday, May 4

[TRANSLATOR] TASK 8 - LEADERSHIP STYLES

Leader:
A leader is a person that have the power to establish rules in an organism, but a leader can also be considered as a person followed by people in the sense of guiding them, the person that make them to reach objectives. The leader can act in many different ways, some of these ways are the following: the authoritarian leader, the participative, the transactional and the transformational.

Authoritarian leader:
An authoritarian leader is the one that does not take into account other people's opinions, he just establish the rules that he consider the most efficient. For this leader it is not important the way people feel, he just want them to be as productive as possible. He does not motivate people, he thinks people must do their jobs because it is their obligation. The main characteristic of this leader is his desire of controlling all the agents.

Participative leader:
A participative leader takes into account other's opinions, he considers that giving them the opportunity to participate establishing rules or in the organization they will feel more comfortable at the workplace and in the end they will be more productive. This leader gives value to the needs of people and because of that consider important to let them participative and express their ideas.

Transactional leader:
The transactional leader takes into account two different dimensions, the ideographic which consists on the needs of the individuals and the nomothetic that consists on the goals of the organization. In order to take into account these two dimensions this leader is aware of the needs of people because this allows him to set rewards for that people. It means that this leader establishes rewards to motivate people and make them to reach goals.

Transformational leader:
Transformational leaders want to create an environment where every person is motivated to fulfill his needs and becomes as a member of a productive learning community. Transformational leaders want to build a system of integrity, a cause beyond oneself, diversity of thought and inclusiveness for all races and gender. For this kind of leader it is also important moral leadership, leading with love and spiritual leadership. Moral leadership is based on dignity and respect for the rights of others to self determination. This leader does not want to establish an arbitrary set of rules to follow, moral leadership is an agreement to do the right things for others and live that agreement in all human interactions.


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