Wednesday, April 27

[TRANSLATOR] TASK 7 - PART 3.


Talk show or chat show is a television programme in which one person (or group of people) discusses various topics put forth by a talk show host. Usually, guests consist of a group of people who are learned or who have great experience in relation to whatever issue is being discussed on the show for that episode. In the case of Patricia’s Diary, every day the program invited several anonymous people who shared their testimony about a concrete topic set out previously by the program. This topic used to be related to family conflicts or sentimental problems.

Stage management is the person in charge of organizing and coordinating a theatrical production. It encompasses a variety of activities, including organizing the production and coordinating communications between people, such as the director, actors, producers and so on.

Bullying is the aggressive behavior from some aged school children to others that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both, (who are bullied and who bully others) may have serious and lasting problems. Kids who bully use their power (such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity) to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people. Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to do it. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose. Bullying can occur during or after school hours. While most reported bullying happens in the school building, a significant percentage also happens in places like on the playground or the bus. It can also happen travelling to or from school, in the youth’s neighborhood, or on the internet. 

ADHD is a chronic condition marked by persistent inattention, hyperactivity, and sometimes impulsivity. ADHD begins in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. As many as 2 out of every 3 children with ADHD  continue to have symptoms as adults. They often have trouble at school and can have difficulty making and keeping friends. ADHD is more common in boys, whose impulsivity and hyperactivity may appear as disruptive behavior. In the case of the girls is more difficult to diagnose because they aren't often disruptive in the classroom. ADHD tends to run in families. There is a 25%-35% chance that another family member will also have the condition, compared to 4%-6% of the general public.


Pygmalion Effect: Rosenthal and Jacobsen showed that teacher expectations influence student performance. Positive expectations will influence performance positively, and negative expectations will influence performance negatively. The name comes from Pygmalion in Ovid’s Metamorphoses, who was a sculptor who fell in love with an ivory statue of his own making. Pygmalion begs the gods to give him a wife in the likeness of the statue. The gods grant the request, and the statue comes to life. The original research of Rosenthal and Jacobsen was focused on elementary school, after students took intelligence pre-tests, they informed to the teachers about the names of twenty percent of the students in the school who were showing “unusual potential for intellectual growth” and would bloom academically within the year. Unknown to the teachers, these students were selected randomly with no relation to the initial test. When Rosenthal and Jacobson tested the students eight months later, they discovered that the randomly selected students who teachers thought would bloom scored significantly higher.

Cristina.

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